Fully deployed in June 2017, NATO's enhanced forward presence comprises multinational forces provided by framework nations and other contributing Allies on a voluntary, fully sustainable and rotational basis.
They are based on four rotational battalion-size battle groups that operate in concert with national home defence forces and are present at all times in the host countries.
Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States are the framework nations for the robust multinational presence in Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Poland respectively.
Soldiers from enhanced Forward Presence Battle Group Latvia rucking back to base as the final hurdle to finish a week of Winter Warfare, in Camp Ādaži, on Feb.2, 2018. -Photo by Cpl Jean-Roch Chabot, eFP BG Latvia Public Affairs
Other Allies confirmed contributions to these forces: Albania, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain contribute to the Canadian-led battle group in Latvia; Belgium, Croatia, France, the Netherlands and Norway have joined the German-led battle group in Lithuania; Denmark and Iceland contribute to the UK-led battle group in Estonia; and Croatia, Romania and the United Kingdom have joined the US-led battle group in Poland.
Enhanced forward presence forces are complemented by the necessary logistics and infrastructure to support pre-positioning and to facilitate rapid reinforcement.
The four battle groups are under NATO command, through the Multinational Corps Northeast Headquarters in Szczecin, Poland. Multinational Division Northeast Headquarters (MND-NE) in Elblag, Poland coordinates and supervises training and preparation activities of the four battle groups.